Circuits

Circuits are the regional division under the United States Federal Courts system.  There are 12 regional circuits organized from the 94 U.S. judicial districts.  The Thirteenth Circuit is the Federal Judicial Circuit, which has nationwide jurisdiction over certain appeals based on subject matter.

Pursuant to 28 USCS § 41 the thirteen judicial circuits of the United States are constituted as follows:  

Circuits

Composition

District of Columbia District of Columbia
First Circuit Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island
Second Circuit Connecticut, New York, Vermont
Third Circuit Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virgin Islands
Fourth Circuit Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia
Fifth Circuit District of the Canal Zone, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas
Sixth Circuit Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee
Seventh Circuit Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin
Eighth Circuit Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota
Ninth Circuit Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana,  Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Guam, Hawaii
Tenth Circuit Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming.
Eleventh Circuit Alabama, Florida, Georgia.
Federal Circuit All Federal Judicial Districts.

Under 28 USCS § 44 (a), the President appoints the Circuit Judges for the several circuits by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, as follows: 

Circuits

Number of Judges

District of Columbia

11

First Circuit

6

Second Circuit

13

Third Circuit

14

Fourth Circuit

15

Fifth Circuit

17

Sixth Circuit

16

Seventh Circuit

11

Eighth Circuit

11

Ninth Circuit

29

Tenth Circuit

12

Eleventh Circuit

12

Federal Circuit

12

 28 USCS § 44 (c) provides that each circuit judge shall be a resident of the Circuit for which appointed at the time of his appointment and thereafter while in active service.  An exception to this rule is District of Columbia.


Inside Circuits