The General Assembly makes laws for the state of North Carolina. Such laws are called “general statutes.” The state of North Carolina has a bicameral legislature. The upper house is called the Senate and the lower house is called the House of Representatives.
The upper house or the Senate consists of 50 members. The Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina presides over the Senate. At the time of election, a Senator should be at least 25 years of age. The person should have resided in the State for two years and in the representing district for at least one year prior to the elections.
The lower house or the House of Representatives consists of 120 members. It is presided over by the Speaker. The power to impeach state officials is vested with The House of Representatives. A representative should be a qualified voter of the State and should have resided in the representing district for at least one year prior elections.
The members of both the houses are elected for a period of two years. Both the houses have no term limits.