The legislature of the State of New York is bicameral. The upper house is the Senate and the lower house is the State Assembly.
The New York Senate currently has 62 members. The number of members of the Senate varies in accordance with the constitution. The New York House of Representatives consists of 150 members.
The members for both the houses are elected for a period of two years. In order to be a member of either house, the person should be a resident of the state of New York for at least five years. The speaker presides over the Assembly.