The Kansas State Legislature is the state legislature of Kansas. It is a bicameral legislature, composed of the lower Kansas House of Representatives, and the upper Kansas Senate.
The Kansas legislature normally meets once a year. Meetings begin in January and usually will last for a period of 90 days. The Governor of Kansas retains the power to call a special legislative session if needed. The State Legislature meets at the Kansas State Capitol in Topeka.
The Kansas Senate is the upper house of the Kansas Legislature. It is composed of 40 Senators representing an equal amount of districts, each with a population of at least 60,000 inhabitants. Senators are elected to a four year term without term limits. The Senate has special functions such as confirming or rejecting gubernatorial appointments to executive departments, the state cabinet, and commissions and boards. The President of the Senate presides over the body, appointing members to all of the Senate’s committees and joint committees, and may create other committees and subcommittees if desired . In the Senate President’s absence, the President Pro Tempore presides.
The Kansas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Kansas Legislature. It is composed of 125 Representatives from an equal amount of constituencies, each with at least a population of 19,000. Representatives are elected to a two year term without term limits. The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments.