Virginia Constitution

The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia defines and limits the powers of the state government and the basic rights of its citizens.  The Virginia Constitution is supreme over Virginia’s laws and acts of government.  However, it may be superseded by the United States Constitution and federal law.

Virginia enacted its first constitution in 1776.  There have been six major subsequent revisions of the constitution.  The current Constitution of Virginia took effect on July 1, 1971.  It consists of twelve Articles.

The Two different methods of amending the Virginia Constitution are:

  • A legislatively-referred constitutional amendment as established in Section 1 of Article XII.
  • A constitutional convention as established in Section 2 of Article XII.

Full Text of Virginia Constitution


Inside Virginia Constitution