Michigan became a state in 1837. The current Michigan State Constitution is Michigan’s fourth constitution. It was drafted during the Constitutional Convention of 1961-1962. The Constitution of the State of Michigan was approved in 1963. The constitution was narrowly ratified by the Michigan electorate. The Constitution became effective on January 1, 1964. It consists of a Preamble and twelve Articles.
The three ways in which the Michigan Constitution can be amended are:
- A legislatively-referred constitutional amendment under Section 2 of Article XII.
- An initiated constitutional amendment under Section 2 of Article XII.
- a constitutional convention under Section 3 of Article XII.