The Constitution of the State of Kansas was originally known as the Wyandotte Constitution. It was drawn up in July 1859 at Wyandotte. It was the fourth constitution voted on by the people of Kansas. On October 4, 1859, the Wyandotte Constitution was approved in a referendum. In April1860, Kansas was admitted under the Wyandotte Constitution. On January 29, 1861, the admission of Kansas as a free state became effective.
The constitution particularly established that Kansas would be a free state rather than a slave state. Moreover, the constitution directly prohibited slavery, affirmed women’s property rights and their right to participate in school elections. The Kansas Constitution denied universal suffrage for women, blacks, and Indians. The Constitution consists of a preamble and 15 articles.