The Constitution of the State of Alabama was adopted in 1901. It is the sixth constitution that the state has had. The document with 357,157 words is 12 times longer than the average state constitution and 40 times longer than the U.S. Constitution.
Alabama has operated under six Constitutions, each providing the framework within which the legislative branch could enact statutes. Moreover, each of these documents charts the progressive decline of the constitutional power of the legislative branch. Under the provisions of the Constitution of 1901, the powers of the Alabama Legislature are a remnant of the legislative supremacy allowed under the Constitution of 1819.
The purpose of the Constitution of 1901 was to continue to keep taxes low and governmental services minimal. As of 1999, the Alabama Constitution was amended more than 650 times. It is one of the longest constitutions in the western world.