The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) was founded in 1965 to develop and give effect to policies on housing and cities. HUD is a part of the executive branch of the federal government. HUD was created pursuant to the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act. The United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development heads HUD. HUD is headquartered at Washington D.C.
Some of HUD’s operating units are:
- Community Planning and Development to administer some affordable housing and homelessness programs.
- Housing for the Federal Housing Administration; administration of Multifamily housing programs, Supportive Housing for the Elderly (Section 202) and Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities (Section 811); Healthcare facility loan insurance, etc.
- Public and Indian Housing to administer the public housing program HOPE VI, the Housing Choice Voucher Program (popularly known as Section 8), and housing block grants for Indian tribes, Native Hawaiians and Alaskans.
- Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity to enforce federal laws against discrimination against minority households, families with children, and persons with disability.
- Policy Development and Research (PD&R) to maintain current information on housing needs, market conditions, and existing programs, as well as conducting research on priority housing and community development issues
- Government National Mortgage Association
- Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control.
- Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) which is the largest government insurer of mortgages in the world is a part of HUD.