The U.S Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for ensuring that the territory of U.S is protected from terrorist attacks. DHS also takes care of domestic emergencies such as natural disasters. Its mission is to prevent attacks and to protect Americans.
The DHS is a cabinet government of the federal government. Pursuant to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 President Bush established the Office of Homeland Security (OHS) to take care of security measures within the country. DHS was created later in November, 2005 by the Homeland Security Act, 2002.
The Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the DHS. The secretary is assisted by the Deputy Secretary.
The DHS has over 200,000 employees. It is the third largest department under the U.S. government. With the inclusion around 22 agencies, the DHS also has the largest and the widest merger of responsibilities. The DHS and its activities are guided by a living document-the “2008 Strategic Plan.” The document reminds DHS of its two fold mission and guides it on maintaining operational effectiveness.
DHS’s temporary headquarters is scattered over the Washington area. A scheme to consolidate its operations is ongoing and this will bring together 35 locations.