The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent Federal agency established by the Congress in 1967 to investigate civil aviation accidents and other accidents involving different modes of transportation including railroad, highway, marine and pipeline accidents in United States. The NTSB is also responsible for issuing safety recommendations to prevent future accidents. These recommendations are the principal focus of the Board’s efforts to prevent accidents, save lives and reduce injuries.
Title 49, Chapter 11 of the United States Code governs the powers of the NTSB. The NTSB conducts special studies of transportation safety issues of national importance. The NTSB serves the role of “Court of Appeals” for any airman, mechanic or mariner whenever certificate action is taken or penalties are assessed by the Federal Aviation Administration or the Coast Guard Commandant.
The NTSB has five Board members nominated by the Present with the Senate consent to serve for a period of five years. A member is appointed as the Chairman and another as Vice Chairman for two year periods.
The Headquarters of the NTSB is located in Washington, D.C.